Today is Saturday, November 2, the 306th day of 2013. There are 59 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1483 - The Duke of Buckingham is executed after leading a failed rebellion against King Richard III of England, whom he helped to the throne four months earlier.
1687 - Ottoman ruler Mohammed IV is deposed in revolution in Constantinople and is succeeded by Suleiman III.
1783 - Gen. George Washington issues his "Farewell Address to the Army" near Princeton, New Jersey.
1841 - The Second Afghan War starts when Afghans massacre British army officers.
1917 - In the Balfour Declaration, the British government declares that it favors the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine.
1930 - Haile Selassie is crowned emperor of Ethiopia.
1947 - Howard Hughes pilots his huge wooden airplane, known as the Spruce Goose, on its only flight, which lasts about a minute over Long Beach Harbor in California.
1951 - Bolivia receives a US$1 million U.S. Export-Import Bank loan to expand production of tungsten to be sold to the U.S.
1956 - Gaza, Egypt falls to British in Suez War; Hungarian government renounces Warsaw Treaty and appeals to the United Nations against Soviet invasion.
1959 - Charles Van Doren admits to a U.S. House subcommittee that he had the questions and answers in advance for his appearances on the NBC-TV game show "Twenty-One."
1962 - U.S. President John F. Kennedy announces an end to the Cuban missile crisis, saying the Soviet Union is dismantling bases in Cuba.
1963 - South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem is assassinated by his own troops during a coup.
1964 - King Saud of Saudi Arabia is deposed, and Faisal is proclaimed king.
1967 - White mercenaries and black troops invade Congo from Portuguese Angola.
1972 - Former Georgia Gov. Jimmy Carter defeats Republican incumbent Gerald R. Ford, becoming the first U.S. president from the Deep South since the Civil War.
1978 - Two Soviet cosmonauts who established a new endurance record by staying in space 139 days and 15 hours land safely in Kazakhstan.
1983 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill establishing a federal holiday on the third Monday of January in honor of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
1988 - Government imposes nationwide night curfew in Sri Lanka after attacks by radical Sinhalese leave at least 16 people dead. The group opposes an accord that would grant a measure of autonomy to Tamils if the guerrillas lay down their arms.
1990 - Militiamen in the Soviet republic of Moldavia shoot and kill six people and wound 30 during an ethnic clash.
1991 - Yugoslav army renews attacks on Croatia.
1992 - Basketball star Magic Johnson retires for a second time from the Los Angeles Lakers, just five weeks after the guard, who has HIV, announced he would return to the NBA.
1993 - Sarajevo shivers in frigid temperatures as Bosnian Serbs block United Nations engineering crews from repairing vital electrical lines.
1994 - A river of fire ignited by an oil tank explosion surges through a village in southern Egypt, killing more than 410 people.
1995 - Suicide attackers set off back-to-back car bombs near Israeli buses in the Gaza Strip, injuring 11 Israelis in apparent retaliation for the slaying of a radical.
1996 - A United States Air Force F-16 fighter plane fires a missile at an Iraqi radar site while in the "no-fly" zone over southern Iraq.
1998 - Chaos and looting erupts in Central America after Hurricane Mitch, which killed more than 7,000.
1999 - Prominent Zulu prince Cyril Zulu, the mayor-designate of Durban, South Africa is assassinated by an unknown gunmen.
2000 - One American astronaut and two Russian cosmonauts move into Alpha, an international space station, for a four-month stay.
2001 - Northern Ireland's Catholic-Protestant government faces imminent suspension or collapse after two Protestant lawmakers refuse to support their leader, David Trimble's re-election bid as government leader.
2002 - U.S. President George W. Bush calls Saddam Hussein a "dangerous man" with links to terrorist networks, as U.N. Security Council members await a revised U.S. resolution to disarm Iraq.
2003 - The U.S. Episcopal diocese of New Hampshire installs as its bishop Reverend V. Gene Robinson, consecrating the first openly homosexual Anglican bishop and drawing censure from numerous provinces within the worldwide Anglican Communion.
2004 - A filmmaker who was the great-grandnephew of Vincent van Gogh is slain in a daylight attack, and police arrest a Dutch-Moroccan man after wounding him in a shootout. Theo van Gogh made a movie criticizing the treatment of Muslim women.
2005 - Clashes between police and protesters in Ethiopia's capital erupt in gunfire and grenade explosions, with police killing at least 33 people during a second day of renewed demonstrations against disputed elections.
2006 - Iran test-fires dozens of missiles, including the Shahab-3 that can reach Israel, in military maneuvers that it says are aimed at putting a stop to the role of world powers in the Persian Gulf region.
2007 - Morocco recalls its ambassador from Spain after King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia announce plans to visit two Spanish enclaves in North Africa. Morocco's claim to them is a consistent sore spot in bilateral relations.
2008 - Hundreds of people march through Belarus' capital to remember the victims of Stalinist purges and call for an end to repression in a country that still has many of the trappings of the former Soviet Union.
2009 - U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton moderates her praise for Israel's offer to restrain building settlements in Palestinian areas n the face of Arab criticism of the administration's recalibrated Mideast peace tack.
2010 — Britain and France strike a historic defense deal aimed at preserving military muscle in an age of austerity, pledging to deploy troops under a single command, share aircraft carriers and collaborate on once fiercely guarded nuclear programs.
2011 — Greece's prime minister goes to the French resort of Cannes to explain to his furious European colleagues why he is holding a surprise referendum on a bailout deal that took them all months to work out.
2012 __ A video that appears to show a unit of Syrian rebels kicking terrified, captured soldiers and then executing them with machine guns raises concerns about rebel brutality at a time when the United States is pushing to forge an opposition movement it can work with.
Marie Antoinette, wife of France's King Louis XVI (1755-1793); Luchino Visconti, Italian film director (1906-1976); Odysseus Elytis, pseud. of Odysseus Alepoudelis, Greek poet and Nobel laureate (1911-1996); Burt Lancaster, U.S. actor (1913-1994);David Schwimmer, U.S. actor (1966--); K.D. Lang, Canadian singer (1961--).
Thought for Today:
Vanity is as ill at ease under indifference, as tenderness is under the love which it cannot return — George Eliot, English author (1819-1880).